Abdullah Sungkar was born in 1937 to a family originally from Hadarmawt, today (10/2007) East Yemen.
Abdullah Sungkar was associated from the late 50s’ with the Indonesia Islamic Propagation Council (DDII) - a group of Islamic scholars that fight Christian missionaries in Indonesia and refers to missionary activity as a threat to Islam. Abdullah Sungkar was described by his acquaintances as almost paranoid with Christian missionary activity.
From the middle of the 60s’ Abdullah Sungkar spent his time in teaching Islam. He runs, from 1972, the Al-Mukmin boarding school in Ngruki, Central Java, which he co-founded with Abu Bakar Bashir, later his associate in INDONESIAN JI.
Abdullah Sungkar was detained briefly in 1977 by Indonesian authorities for urging the people not to vote in national elections. He was rearrested with Abu Bakar Bashir in 1978 on subversion charges for alleged involvement in ‘Komando Jihad’ and ‘Darul Islam’ following a crackdown on Muslim political activists in Indonesia by Suharto’s regime.
After his release from jail in 1985 Abdullah Sungkar fled with Abu Bakar Bashir into exile in Malaysia. In 01/1993 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia’s capital, Abdullah Sungkar, with Abu Bakar Bashir, cofounded the INDONESIAN JI . He was the first leader of the organization.
Abdullah Sungkar died of natural causes in 11/1999 shortly after he returned to Indonesia in late 1998 after the fall of Suharto’s regime. Abu Bakar Bashir succeeded him as the leader of INDONESIAN JI.
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