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DARUL ISLAM

DARUL ISLAM
 
 
 
The role of ‘Darul  Islam’ - “House of Islam” in the Political development of Islamic movements in Indonesia is similar to the role of the Muslims Brotherhood in Egypt. The movement merged in the struggle against the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, already in the early 40s’, with the vision of an Indonesian Islamic state under Islamic law – Shariaa, by the radical Islamic preacher Kartosuwiryo.
 

During the Indonesian National Revolution, the straggle of Indonesia to independency after the end of World war II in the years 1945-9,  Kartosuwiryo founded his own band of freedom fighters in West Java, called HIzbullah (Party of God) and Sabilillah (in the service of God). As a protest toward the Renville Agreement signed by Indonesian leaders in 1948, which ceded West Java to the Holland Kartosuwiryo proclaimed "Darul  Islam" in West Java.

 

 

After the independence declaration in 1949, Darul  Islam continued to maintain an alternative regime, up to the early 60s’, in the provinces of Ache and South Sulawesi, which up to these days, are looking for sort of separation or autonomy from the central Indonesian regime. After an attempt to assassinate the Indonesian first President Sukarno in 1957 by Darul  Islam activists, the Indonesian regime (which was, actually, a dictatorship sponsored partially by USAbegan a campaign to crack down on Darul  Islam.  Most of the leaders of Darul  Islam were persecuted, jailed and killed.

 

The Darul  Islam was, practically, dismantled in the mid 60s’, but some components such as the affiliated education system of Darul  Islam Islamic schools and individual operative continued to spread the ideology, under the name Komando Jihad’, which was later adopted and revived, in the late 70s’, by future INDONESIAN JI leaders Abu Bakar Bashir and Abdullah Sungkar . The leaders arrested from this group were found to be Darul  Islam veterans.
 
The Darul  Islam education system, especially under the charismatic leadership of Abu Bakar Bashir and Abdullah Sungkar , became the fundamental base of recruiting to the future INDONESIAN JI .   
 
 
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24/01/2008 07:14:30

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